What is Aerospace Engineering? - YouTube

What is Aerospace Engineering

The engineering branch, Aerospace Engineering inculcates the skills and knowledge to design, manufacture and maintain spacecraft, missiles and weapons systems. Aerospace Engineering deals with two major and overlapping branches- Aeronautical Engineering and Astronautical Engineering. However, Avionics Engineering deals with the electronics side of aerospace engineering. A large part of aerospace engineering consists of mechanical engineering covering a wide range of topics, including computer applications, structure, mathematics, physics, drafting, electricity, robotics, aeronautics etc. As per the students review, Aerospace Engineering is considered one of the toughest branches of engineering. However, if studied with dedication and focus, the branch gives the best result to the students. Students opting for Aerospace Engineering can make their bright career in the air force as a flight engineer, in the aviation industry as an aircraft engineer as well either private or with the national carrier. While remuneration in India for Aerospace Engineering graduates varies depending upon the region and the experience students have. Read on, to know in detail about Aerospace Engineering, its highlights, career and more.

Career Opportunities in Aerospace Engineering

  • Maintenance of Aircraft or Missiles

Aerospace Engineers test new aerodynamic and aviation systems, and maintain them.

  • Aircraft Designer

Aerospace Engineers specializing in this field deal with designing, constructing, and testing aircraft, missiles, and space crafts. They may conduct basic and applied research to evaluate adaptability of materials and equipment to aircraft design and manufacture.

  • Aviation Engineers

Aerospace Engineers in this field deal with the airspace development, airport design, aircraft navigation technologies, and aerodrome planning.

  • Satellite and Space research

Aerospace Engineers in this field deal with navigation systems, radars and other communication networks.

  • Defense

Aerospace Engineers in this field deal with creation, maintenance and deployment of defense aircrafts such as fighter jets, choppers, bombers, etc. Also the job requires to be able to handle such aircraft at necessary times.

How to Pursue a Career in Aerospace Engineering

StreamGraduationAfter GraduationAfter Post Graduation
Path 1Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech in Aerospace Engineering for 4 yearsPursue M.Tech for 2-3 yearsPursue PhD for 2 years
Path 2Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech + M.Tech (Dual Degree)in Aerospace Engineering for 5 yearsPursue PhD for 2 years

Scope of Aerospace Engineering in India and Abroad

Students opting for Aerospace Engineering have a bright future both in India and Abroad. With a number of private companies and progress entering into aerospace technology, the opportunities are getting bigger and better. Following are the job prospects for an aerospace engineer:

  1. Most of the aerospace engineers are hired by ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation)
  2. Also candidates are offered jobs in prestigious companies like- National Aeronautical Laboratory, Civil Aviation Department, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Defence Research and Development Laboratory.
  3. Jobs are available with the national, international, public and private Airlines Services as well as aircraft manufacturing units.

Course Subjects

Aerospace Engineering Subjects & Syllabus

Mentioned below is the course and syllabus of Aerospace Engineering.: 

Syllabus for Diploma in Aerospace Engineering

  • Aircraft instrumentation system
  • CAR (civil aviation regulation)
  • Aircraft maintenance and practice
  • Aircraft system
  • Aircraft structure
  • Avionics and aircraft radio system
  • Aircraft structures servicing lab
  • Maintenance management
  • C- Programming lab
  • Avionics lab
  • Aircraft system servicing lab
  • Project work (working model)
  • Aircraft electrical system
  • Aircraft instrument system lab
  • Aircraft materials
  • Applied mathematics
  • Applied science
  • Basic aerodynamics
  • Basic computer skills lab
  • Basic electrical and electronic engineering
  • Basic electrical and electronic engineering labs
  • Basic workshop practicals
  • Computer aided engineering graphics
  • Engineering graphics (conventional)
  • English communication
  • Fluid mech and pneumatics lab
  • Industrial visit
  • ISAP lab
  • Jet engine lab
  • Jet engine theory
  • Materials testing (NDT) process lab
  • Organizational management
  • Piston engine lab
  • Piston engine theory
  • Fluid mech and pneumatics aircraft inspection and documentation

Syllabus of B.Tech in Aerospace Engineering

Semester 1

  • Engineering Mathematics I
  • Engineering Physics
  • Engineering Chemistry and Environmental Studies
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Engineering Graphics
  • Basic Civil Engineering
  • Basic Mechanical Engineering
  • Basic Electrical Engineering
  • Basic Electronics Engineering & Information Technology
  • Mechanical Workshop
  • Electrical and Civil Workshop

Semester 2

  • Engineering Mathematics II
  • Economics and Communication Skills
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Basic Thermodynamics
  • Elements of Aeronautics
  • Basic Strength of Materials
  • Basic Strength of Materials Lab
  • Fluid Mechanics Lab

Semester 3

  • Engineering Mathematics II
  • Economics and Communication Skills
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Basic Thermodynamics
  • Elements of Aeronautics
  • Basic Strength of Materials
  • Basic Strength of Materials Lab
  • Fluid Mechanics Lab

Semester 4

  • Engineering Mathematics III
  • Gas Dynamics
  • Propulsion I
  • Aerodynamics I
  • Aircraft Structure I
  • Electrical Technology and Machines
  • Structures Lab
  • Propulsion Lab

Semester 5

  • Engineering Mathematics IV
  • Principle of Management
  • Computer of Programming
  • Flight Dynamics I
  • Aerodynamics II
  • Propulsion II
  • Wind Tunnel Lab
  • Propulsion Lab II

Semester 6

  • Avionics
  • Experimental Aerodynamics
  • Aircraft Structure II
  • Heat Transfer
  • Theory of Vibration
  • Elective I
  • Heat Engines Lab
  • Aero Engines lab

Semester 7

  • Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Experimental Stress Analysis
  • Aircraft Design
  • Fight Dynamics II
  • Aircraft System and Instrumentation
  • Elective II
  • Experimental Stress Analysis Lab
  • Vibration Lab
  • Seminar
  • Project

Semester 8

  • Rocket Missiles
  • Introduction to space technology
  • Air Transportation and Aircraft maintenance
  • Elective III
  • Elective IV
  • Aerodynamics Lab
  • Project
  • Viva Voce

Syllabus for M.Tech in Aerospace Engineering

Semester 1

  • Introduction to Space Technology
  • Engineering Aerodynamics & Flight Mechanics++
  • Elements of Gas Dynamics & Propulsion++
  • Airplane and Aerospace Structures++
  • Laboratory I
  • PG Elective

Semester 2

  • Laboratory II (Str. Lab)
  • Aerodynamic Design
  • Elective I
  • Elective II
  • Elective III
  • Elective IV

Semester 3

  • Project
  • Structural Design
  • Elective V
  • Elective VI
  • Elective VII

Semester 4

  • Project

Certifications for Aerospace Engineering

 Certificate in Aeroelasticity

 Certificate in FEA and ANSYS

 Certificate in Gas Turbine Engineering

 Certificate Linear & Non linear Modeling

 Computational Fluid Dynamics & Training Certificate

 Professional Simulation Engineer

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

An aerospace engineer designs, analyzes, tests, troubleshoots and develops advanced technology in spacecraft, defence systems and aviation. They develop the standards for quality control and design processes, identify issues for products that are not working properly and try to find solutions to fix those issues.Following is the list of job profile a Aerospace Engineer can opt for: 

Job ProfileJob Description
Aerospace Designer CheckerTheir job is to research, analyze and create structural engineering specifications using metallic and non-metallic components.
Aircraft Production ManagerResponsibilities include supervising and coordinating efficient aircraft production lines and making sure that the aircrafts are as per industry and safety standards.
Mechanical Design EngineerThey review specification and other related data to develop mechanical layouts. They also measure physical dimensions for machinery and observe production lines.
Assistant Technical OfficerWork responsibilities include cleaning and maintenance of aseptic units and equipment on a daily or weekly or monthly basis. 
Aerospace EngineerThey research different ways to make fuel efficient parts and engines. They carry out ground level testing and estimate project cost with time scales.

Top Recruiters 

  • Air India
  • Defense Research and Development Laboratories
  • Civil Aviation Department
  • Aeronautical Development Establishment
  • National Aeronautical Lab (NAL)
  • Pawan Hans
  • Helicopter Corporation of India
  • Hindustan Aeronautical Ltd (HAL)
  • Private Airlines
  • Indian Air Force

Duties and Responsibilities of Aerospace Engineers:

  • Assess proposals and design requirements
  • Determine if projects are technically and financially feasible
  • Go over budgets, timescales and specifications with clients
  • Do theoretical and practical research
  • Ensure design meet customer requirements
  • Direct, coordinate, produce and implement design, manufacture and test procedures
  • Measure and improve performance of aircraft, systems and components
  • Provide technical advice
  • Analyze and interpret data
  • Work towards completion dates and deadlines

Average Salary

An aerospace engineer earns a good sum of income, however, the salary amount may increase with experience and expertise in skills. Mentioned below is the list of job profiles and their average salary:

Job ProfileAverage Salary
Aerospace Designer CheckerRs. 30 lakhs – Rs. 50 lakhs per annum
Aircraft Production ManagerRs. 30 lakhs – Rs. 35 lakhs per annum
Mechanical Design EngineerRs. 30 lakhs per annum
Assistant Technical OfficerRs. 35 lakhs per annum
Aerospace EngineerRs. 35 lakhs – Rs. 40 lakhs per annum

Leading Institutes

Top Aerospace Engineering Institutes in India

CollegeLocationWebsite
Indian Institute of TechnologyMultiple Locationswww.iitd.ac.in 
Birla Institute of TechnologyPilani, Mesrawww.bits-pilani.ac.in 
National Institute of Technology, CalicutCalicutwww.nitc.ac.in 
National Institute of Technology, SilcharSilcharwww.nits.ac.in 
National Institute of Technology, SurathkalSurathkalwww.nitk.ac.in 
National Institute of Technology, BhopalBhopalwww.manit.ac.in 
Indian Institute of Space Science and TechnologyThiruvananthapuramwww.iist.ac.in 
Vellore Institute of TechnologyVellorewww.vit.ac.in 
Indian School of Mines, DhanbadDhanbadwww.ism.ac.in 
Sri Ramaswamy Memorial University (SRM)Multiple Locationswww.srmuniv.ac.in 
Pandit Deen Dayal Petroleum UniversityGandhinagarwww.pdpu.ac.in 
Acharya Institute of TechnologyBangalorewww.acharya.ac.in 
M.V.J. College of EngineeringBangalorewww.mvjce.edu.in 
SASTRA UniversityTamil Naduwww.sastra.edu 
Jawaharlal Nehru Technological UniversityKakinadawww.jntuk.edu.in 
Dayananda Sagar College of EngineeringBangalorewww.dayanandasagar.edu/dsce 
Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology (NMIT)Bangalorewww.nmit.ac.in 
International Institute of Information TechnologyHyderabadwww.iiit.ac.in 
Maharashtra Institute of TechnologyPunewww.mitpune.com 
Anna UniversityChennaiwww.annauniv.edu 
Madras Institute of TechnologyChennaiwww.mitindia.edu 
Hindustan Institute of TechnologyChennaiwww.hiet.in 
School of Aviation Science and TechnologyDelhiwww.delhiflyingclub.org/about-sast.html 
Indian Institute of AeronauticsPatnawww.biapatna.co.in 

Top Aerospace Engineering Institutes in the World

InstitutionLocationWebsite
Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyUnited Stateswww.web.mit.edu 
Georgia Institute of TechnologyUnited Stateswww.gatech.edu 
University of Michigan-Ann ArborUnited Stateswww.umich.edu 
Purdue UniversityUnited Stateswww.engineering.purdue.edu 
California Institute of TechnologyUnited Stateswww.caltech.edu 
University of Maryland-College ParkUnited Stateswww.umd.edu 
The University of IllinoisUnited Stateswww.illinois.edu 
The University of Texas at AustinUnited Stateswww.utexas.edu 
Virginia TechUnited Stateswww.vt.edu 
Stanford UniversityUnited Stateswww.stanford.edu 
University of BristolUnited Kingdomwww.bristol.ac.uk 
University of CambridgeUnited Kingdomwww.cam.ac.uk 

Aerospace Engineering Entrance Exams

Undergraduate

CollegeTentative DateImportant ElementsWebsite
Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main)AprilMathematics, Physics, Chemistry,www.jeemain.nic.in 
Joint Entrance Examination Advanced (JEE Advanced)May/JuneMathematics, Physics, Chemistry,www.jeeadv.ac.in 
National Engineering Aptitude Test (NEAT/NAT)JuneMathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry,www.srde.org 
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission (BITSAT)MayMathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, Logical Reasoning Englishwww.bitsadmission.com/bitsatmain.aspx 
Education Promotion Society of India National Admission Test (ENAT)April/MayMathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Englishwww.epsfi.org 
Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE)AprilMathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, Englishwww.vit.ac.in 
University of Delhi Combined Entrance Exam (DU-CET)JuneMathematics, Physics, Chemistry,www.dtu.ac.in 
Consortium Medical, Engineering & Dental Colleges of Karnataka (COMEDK)MayMathematics, Physics, Chemistry,www.comedk.org 
Admission Test for ICFAI Science & Technology (ATIT)MayMathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Englishwww.icfaiuniversity.in/atit/btech_program.html 
Indian Institute of Space & Technology Admission Test (ISAT)JuneMathematics, Physics, Chemistry,www.iist.ac.in/admissions/undergraduate 
Combined Written Admission Test (CWAT)May/JuneBotany Zoology Physics, Chemistry,www.acds.co.in 
SRM University Engineering Exam (SRMUEE)AprilMathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biologywww.srmuniv.ac.in 
Manipal University Online Entrance ExamMarch/AprilMathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biologywww.manipal.edu 
Indraprastha University Common EntranceTest (IPUCET)MayMathematics, Physics, Chemistry,www.ipu.ac.in 

Postgraduate

InstitutionTentative DateImportant ElementsWebsite
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) (Postgraduate)Jan/FebAll Branches of engineeringwww.gate.iisc.ernet.in 

Work Description

  • Plan or conduct experimental, environmental, operational, or stress tests on models or prototypes of aircrafts or aerospace systems or equipments
  • Plan or coordinate activities concerned with investigating into and resolving customers’ reports of technical problems with aircraft or aerospace vehicles
  • Coordinate activities of engineering or technical personnel involved in designing, modifying, or testing of aerospace products
  • Evaluate product data or design for conformance to engineering principles, customer requirements, environmental regulations, or quality standards
  • Develop design criteria for aeronautical or aerospace products, including testing methods, production costs, quality standards, environmental standards, or completion dates
  • Participate in aerospace research and development programmes
  • Review aerospace engineering designs to determine how to reduce negative environmental impacts

Pros & Cons of a Career in Aerospace Engineering

Pros

  • Job satisfaction is high
  • Work not limited to only space crafts and aircrafts
  • Is rewarding in terms of money

Cons

  • May have to move to locations where work is available
  • Can be a stressful job
  • Is a difficult and extensive subject to study

FAQs Regarding Aerospace Engineering

How can I become an aerospace engineer?

Students need to pass class 12 with PCM subjects and then do a course in B.Tech aerospace engineering to become aerospace engineer.

What is the duration of course in aerospace engineering?

The duration of bachelor course in aerospace engineering is four years.

What subjects are required in class 12 to become aerospace engineer?

Students need to have Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics in class 12 to become aerospace engineer.

Which college is best for aerospace engineering?

IIT Kharagpur, IIT Hyderabadm MIT Pune are some of Indian Institute of Astrophyiscs are some of the best institutes for aerospace engineering.

Can I join ISRO after doing aerospace engineering?

For joining ISRO, students have to qualify the exam which is conducted every year. The recruitment for aerospace engineer in ISRO is also through entrance test.

What are the jobs for aerospace engineer?

Aerospace engineer can work as Aircraft or space craft designer/engineer, military aerospace engineer, aerospace technician, mechanical engineer.

Which is better in Aeronautical and Aerospace engineering?

If you want to work in the aircraft building industry then aerospace engineering is the right course for you. However, if you look forward to work in the space industry, then aeronautical engineering is the right branch.

Is aerospace engineering a good career?

Aerospace enginering is a good career option. Students can work with the ISRO, NASA, DRDO, HAL, NAL, MRO, etc. and the salary pay scale for the Aeronautical Engineer is too good.

What is the fees for aerospace engineering?

The fees for doing course in aerospace engineering vary from colleges to colleges and may range between Rs 3 lakh to 5 lakh per year.

Do aerospace engineer fly the flights?

No, aerospace engineers are not pilots and flights are made to fly only by the pilots.

How difficult is aerospace engineering?

The course in aerospace engineering is of four years/ eight semesters and include subjects of Physics and Maths.

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